He said that, for example, "early customary law" and "municipal law" were contexts where the word "law" had two different and irreconcilable meanings.
The history of law links closely to the development of civilization.
As nationalism grew in the 18th and 19th centuries, the Law Merchant was incorporated into countries' local law under new civil codes.
Civil law (not to be confused with civil law jurisdictions above) deals with the resolution of lawsuits (disputes) between individuals or organizations.
100–300 AD) were foundational treatises in India, and comprise texts considered authoritative legal guidance.
This partly reflected Germany's status as a rising power in the late 19th century.
Lady Justice, a goddess symbolising justice who bears a sword – symbolising the coercive power of a tribunal –, scales – representing an objective standard by which competing claims are weighed – and a blindfold indicating that justice should be impartial and meted out objectively, without fear or favor and regardless of money, wealth, power or identity.
Law as a system helps regulate and ensure that a community show respect, and equality amongst themselves.